Blood clots is the result of narrowing of blood vessels that can be due to plague build up or/and rupture of blood vessel wall. This narrowing makes it more feasible for blood cells to get collected in the passage and form a clot. The blood clot is the cause of a number of cardiovascular ailments and therefore, measures must be taken to avoid blood clot formation. Blood can also be the result of head injury or at times occurs without any known reason.
People above 65 years are known to be at much higher risks for blood clots as compared to their younger counterparts. The goal should focus in keeping blood free flowing and avoiding the root cause of plaque build up within the blood vessels. There are certain crucial measures that need to be incorporated in our lives, especially in those at higher risks for heart ailments.
Important Measures To Prevent Blood Clots
Sticking in same position for long durations like sitting or lying down endlessly, results in pooling of bloods in the legs, resulting in possibility of clot formation. It is essential to move in between and have a walk when you need to sit for long hours. Those patients, who are on bed rest and need not move for long durations should consult doctor for exercises to keep legs moving, while lying down and prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
Drawing circles with toes of the feet is very helpful in improving blood circulation and can be easily performed, while lying down. Driving in car for long distance should comprise of little breaks throughout the journey, and those in plane ride should walk around and keep contracting legs, while sitting too.
Intake Lots Of Water
Keeping yourself hydrated is the simplest way to boost circulation and flush away toxins that could possible lead to clot formation.
Those, who are on long duration flights, must keep drinking water while seated, and raise heels and toes to increase circulation. Staying hydrated effectively lowers down the risk of blood clot.
Be Smart With Medicines
This is important for all those who use contraceptive pill. Taking a birth control pill may increase risk for blood clots, if one has another risk factor for DVT, smoke or have a family history of blood clots.
Avoid using contraceptive pills and consult doctors for another safety measure. Nevertheless, any medicine should never be self administered as it can be more harmful than beneficial, so consult doctor for any pills, whatsoever may be the reason.
Avoid Hormonal Replacement Therapy
Women in menopause undergo drastic changes in hormone levels that can take a toll on their health. Many menopausal women choose to go for hormonal replacement therapy, but that is associated with increased risk for blood clot formation in the body.
Weigh the advantages of any therapy by consulting the doctor regarding all pros and cons in the long run and then choose the one that can be well managed. Additionally, during pregnancy and postnatal period, the woman must be closely supervised by the doctor as these phases put them at risk of blood clot formation.
Get Regular Heart Check Ups
Many individuals undergo irregular heartbeats or cardiac arrhythmia, but that being asymptomatic in most of the cases tend to remain unnoticed. But prolonged periods of irregular heartbeats is the signal of progression towards increased risk of blood clots.
This can only be monitored, if we get ourselves checked for heart beats. Therefore, those who have been a sufferer of heart ailments in the past or recent must have regular heart checkups and control any abnormal signs that may appear, well on time.
Individuals, who are at obese side, must take serious efforts to lower their weight as they are highly likely to suffer from blood clot formation due to extra load over their heart and blood vessels.
Those who had a cancer or stroke, varicose veins, broken bone should follow the precautionary measures of avoiding all fatty foods or processed or fast eatables to reduce their likelihood of having blood clots.
Seek Medical Attention
Look out for signs of swelling or discoloration in one of the leg, pain, rapid heartbeat, fatigue, unexplained sweating and warmth at one skin surface. These are the signals of DVT. Moreover, sudden breathlessness, chest pain or blood in the cough is the signal that blood clot has moved up to the lungs. These signs, whenever visualized must be dealt with immediate medical attention to prevent blood clots from obstructing the heart beat.
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