Heart attack is among the most dangerous of all the medical conditions and millions of people worldwide suffer from it every year. The muscles of the heart require a constant supply of oxygen rich blood through the coronary arteries.
When the arteries become narrow and fail to supply the required amount of blood, it creates a perfect recipe for a heart attack. The heart initiates a healing process in itself soon after the attack, but intensive medical treatment is a must in the incident of a heart attack. Numerous medical treatments are in place for heart attack and with modern means of treatment, there are positive chances of a complete recovery.
Various Ways To Treat Heart Attack
One of the most common and widely prevalent treatments for heart attack is oxygen therapy. This includes breathing oxygen from a cylinder. Heart attack occurs due to the lack of oxygen in the blood and oxygen therapy aims at reinstating the oxygen to an ample level which facilitates the safe functioning of the heart.
Oxygen therapy at the right time can be a life saver and prevent the heart from further damage. This should be followed as a standard procedure in case of a confirmed heart attack.
Depending on how severe the heart attack is, the patient might be treated with angioplasty which is a treatment for heart attack. Angioplasty can be undertaken to restore blood flow to the heart. It may also effectively repair the muscle damage suffered by the heart at the time of the attack.
The procedure requires a catheter with a balloon to be threaded through a blood vessel to the affected artery. The balloon is inflated to compress the plaque against the artery wall and thereby restores the blood supply.
In the event of a heart attack, morphine can be used to treat the patient to get relief from the excruciating pain which might accompany the attack. Morphine relieves the pain effectively and reduces the anxiety level of the patient.
The drug helps in opening up the blood vessels and thereby helps in the circulation of blood and oxygen to the heart. However, this treatment must be used with care, as the conditions of some patients tend to worsen with morphine. In such cases, alternative treatments should be sought.
One very common treatment for heart attack is to undergo a bypass surgery. In this process, the patient has to undergo a surgery in which a new piece of blood vessel is attached so as to bypass the blockage causing the heart attack.
This procedure helps the heart to recover from an attack and also ensures that the other arteries are not blocked reducing the chances of the future attack. The blood vessel used to create the bypass can be taken from the chest or leg without causing any harm to the patient.
In the aftermath of a heart attack depending on the severity of the condition, the patient might be treated with cardiac rehabilitation. This rehabilitation treatment may be divided into phases expanding over days, which aims at effectively educating and supporting the patient.
The main goal of such rehabilitation treatment is to enable the patient in regaining strength and also to prevent his or her condition from worsening further and reducing the risks of future attacks by educating them.
Heart attack is a very severe health issue and unless treated properly may escalate into life threatening problems. Several medical procedures are practiced to treat a heart attack effectively and immediate implementation of the same may be of immense benefit.
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